Driving Drug Discovery and Development
Using Analytical X-ray Technologies

The total cost of bringing a drug to market has doubled over the past decade, to approximately $2.6 billion, and taking an average of 12 years. The pressure to advance new drugs faster is greater than ever. Timely access to high-resolution molecular structures is essential to modern drug discovery and development, and Single-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction (SC-XRD) is a core technique.

Target discovery and characterization is the first step in development of a new drug. Detailed structural characterization of the protein involved in the disease is performed using SC-XRD. Bruker’s SC-XRD product line allows you to configure the ideal system to match your needs, enabling fast and accurate characterization of the protein directly in your lab. Structure-based drug design utilizes this information to develop lead compounds into viable drug candidates. For example, approximately half of currently available medicines target members of a family of proteins known as GPCRs. An investigation using the D8 VENTURE METALJET determined the structure of a GPCR in under three hours.

Getting leads to clinical trials as efficiently as possible is crucial to the development of affordable medicines. And having immediate access to the right SC-XRD system significantly accelerates lead discovery and reduces the pipeline time to registering Investigative New Drugs (INDs). Bruker’s D8 VENTURE can be equipped with tools to automate data collection, allowing structure determination to continue 24/7, further increasing laboratory throughput. Successful registration of an IND requires the complete and unambiguous structure of the drug compound. SC-XRD is the only method that can determine the absolute structure of organic molecules.

During the drug development phase, it is essential to understand how the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) packs into the crystalline form, as this influences the stability of the medicine and bioavailability. Each API can crystallize in many different forms and each crystalline form may exist in several polymorphs. SC-XRD is used to understand the molecular structure of the various forms at atomic resolution and is essential to ensure development of a medicine with the optimal properties. The D8 VENTURE can be equipped with accessories to investigate polymorphism under non-ambient conditions, such as high pressure or different temperatures, which may be required during manufacture of the medicine.

Once the absolute structure has been determined with SC-XRD, Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD) is used to maximize yield, perform polymorph screening and confirm excipient purity. Bruker offers a wide variety of PXRD solutions. The benchtop D2 PHASER is simple to use and requires no special facilities. Experimental flexibility is the core feature of the D8 ADVANCE, supporting quick optic and stage changes to support various sample forms and non-ambient conditions. For high throughput analysis, the D8 DISCOVER allows screening of conventional 96-well plates. Production support typically employs the D8 ENDEAVOR equipped with a large sample changer. All solutions can be configured for automated measurement and analysis. In addition, our PXRD solutions are available for cGxP/ 21 CFR Part 11 regulated environments.


SARS-CoV-2 infections cause the current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and challenge the immune system with ongoing inflammation. Several redox-relevant micronutrients are known to contribute to an adequate immune response, including the essential trace elements zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se).

The TXRF spectrometer S4 T-STAR and S2 PICOFOX installed at the Institute for Experimental Endocrinology, Charité Berlin, Germany are well established for a rapid quantification of trace elements in biological matrices.


Resolution in X-ray Microscopy (XRM)

Unlike conventional 2D microscopy, XRM results in a three-dimensional model of the interior of an object. This makes defining both resolution and its contributing factors a difficult task. To learn what factors affect resolution in XRM, watch the video and episode of Live from the Lab.

Video: What Affects Resolution in XRM?

Live from the Lab: Resolution in XRM


Launch of the HighSense XP Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) for the S2 PUMA Series 2

The HighSense™ XP sets new benchmarks in energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) detector technology. It comes with an ultra-high transmission graphene window, combining optimal sensitivity from carbon to americium with robustness. A unique detector profiling feature lets you boost the count rate up to 2,400,000 cps or increase the energy resolution to further optimize the analytical conditions for higher throughput or lower detection limits. In conjunction with the powerful 50 W X-ray tube, the S2 PUMA Series 2 offers unrivaled performance in the world of EDXRF spectrometers.



North American Chemical Residue Workshop
Jul 26-30, Online

Microscopy & Microanalysis Virtual
Aug 1-5, Online

Denver X-ray Conference Virtual
Aug 2-9, Online


Intl Conf on X-rays in Research & Industry
Aug 18-19, Online

Association of Official Analytical Collaboration
Aug 27-Sep 2, Boston, MA, USA

Bruker Nano Analytics 360°
Virtual Tour of Demo Lab





©2021 Bruker Corporation

Facebook Twitter Facebook YouTube Instagram